Friday, January 23, 2009

Matthew (Author of the Gospel of Matthew)

Who was Matthew?

The New Testament seminary manual states, "Matthew was a publican, or tax collector, for the Roman government (see Matthew 9:9). He left his profession to follow the Savior and became one of the original Twelve Apostles. He was also known as Levi (see Mark 2:14)."

The seminary manual also details several things that are only covered by Matthew and not the other gospel writters:

  • Some of the details surrounding Jesus’ birth, such as the story of Joseph’s dream and decision to marry Mary (see Matthew 1:18–20), the visit of the wise men (see Matthew 2:1–13), and going to Egypt to avoid Herod and the killing of the children (see Matthew 2:14–18)

  • The complete Sermon on the Mount (see Matthew 5–7)

  • Ten parables not in the other Gospels

  • The resurrection and appearance of Saints after the Resurrection of the Savior (see Matthew 27:52–53)

  • Some often quoted and important sayings of Jesus, such as, “Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest” (Matthew 11:28)

The Joseph Smith Translation of Matthew changes the title from the Gospel According to St. Matthew to The Testimony of St Matthew.

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