Who was Matthew?
The New Testament seminary manual states, "Matthew was a publican, or tax collector, for the Roman government (see Matthew 9:9). He left his profession to follow the Savior and became one of the original Twelve Apostles. He was also known as Levi (see Mark 2:14)."
The seminary manual also details several things that are only covered by Matthew and not the other gospel writters:
Some of the details surrounding Jesus’ birth, such as the story of Joseph’s dream and decision to marry Mary (see Matthew 1:18–20), the visit of the wise men (see Matthew 2:1–13), and going to Egypt to avoid Herod and the killing of the children (see Matthew 2:14–18)
The complete Sermon on the Mount (see Matthew 5–7)
Ten parables not in the other Gospels
The resurrection and appearance of Saints after the Resurrection of the Savior (see Matthew 27:52–53)
- Some often quoted and important sayings of Jesus, such as, “Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest” (Matthew 11:28)
The Joseph Smith Translation of Matthew changes the title from the Gospel According to St. Matthew to The Testimony of St Matthew.